Etna volcano

Etna volcano

Things to do - general

ETNA VOLCANO

«Everything great that the nature has to offer, everything pleasant, everything terrible, can be compared with Etna, but you cannot compare anything with Mount Etna »
(Dominique Vivand Denon, “Voyage en Sicilie”, 1788)

Etna volcano is the highest volcano in Europe and one of the most active volcanoes in the world. Its eruptions occur both in the summit, where currently there are four craters, by both sides, up to heights of a few hundred meters above the sea level.

U Mongibeddu is located on the east coast of Sicily, within the territory of the province of Catania and is crossed by the 15th meridian east, from which it takes its name.

Lava flows from the Mount Etna volcano o...Lava flows from the M

 
 The four summit craters are: the Voragine and the Bocca Nuova, which were formed inside the central crater, respectively in 1945 and 1968, the crater of the Northeast, which has existed since 1911 is currently the highest point of Mount Etna (3330 m), and finally the crater of Southeast, born in 1971, which has recently been the most active of the four craters. This configuration contrasts greatly with that of a century ago, when the top Etna was the only central crater.

Jewel of Sicily, is easily accessible from different sides. He who comes to Taormina can not drop out a stage to know the history of this entity alive and spend the day walking through lava flows and craters through the different excursions to Mount Etna.

taormina

Above 1000 m, in winter, there is snow often lasts almost until summer. This is easily reached from south and north sides. Consequently Etna were also two ski resorts whose particularity is to be able to ski on the snow could observe the sea. Join the Etna Snow Tour! With this tour you can ski on Mount Etna seeing the Sicily sea and discover the geological history of this beatiful Volcano!

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Until recently, the Etna volcano was considered a predominantly effusive, that is mainly characterized by the emission of lava flows. They can cause damage to property but do not represent a direct threat to the lives of 900,000 people living in areas potentially at risk. However, recent studies have revealed that this volcano is capable of giving rise also to a highly explosive activities, such as Plinian eruption of 122 BC. More recently it has been observed, especially from the late 70s, a sharp increase of eruptive episodes explosives especially the summit craters. This has proved so considerable during the eruptions summit of 1995-2001, with about 150 episodes of lava fountains (also known as paroxysms), most of which has generated high columns of gas and ash.

The eruptions of the side in 2001 and 2002 to 2003 show that even this type of eruption can generate significant amounts of pyroclastic material (ash, lapilli, bombs and blocks). Unlike paroxysms summit, which usually have maturities of up to a few hours, the impact of pyroclastic material during eruptions side can go on for several weeks / months and cause problems and inconvenience in populated areas, as well as representing a serious threat to traffic both land and air.

etna eruzione3 eruzionedis

The most recent phase of eruptive activity of Etna began in January 2011, with the first in a series of episodes of lava fountains (paroxysms); April 24, 2012 took place the 25th episode of this series. All occurred from a new crater, located on the eastern flank of the cone of the Southeast Crater. Initially this was a crater depression sinking (pit crater), that for the heavy fallout of pyroclastic material has quickly turned into a new high cone more than 200 meters.

Country Sicily
Area (km2) 1570 km²

Sports & nature

Etna offers a variety of activities: from a simple hiking in the shade of centuries-old forests and craters, you can even ski in the winter thanks to the ski resorts, the quad biking, horse-riding and so on.Sports and nature image

Culture and history info

Etna has formed over the ages with a process of construction and destruction began around 570,000 years ago, during the Quaternary, Instead it is believed there was a wide gulf in the point of contact between the sod euro-asian north and the African plate to the south, corresponding to the chain of mountains to the north and Peloritani Ibleo plateau to the south. It was the colossal friction between the two plates to give birth to the first submarine eruptions of basaltic lava Smoothly with the birth of the first volcanic cones, in the middle of the gulf primordial said pre-Etna. Today these are the beautiful outcrops of "Cyclops Riviera" with their basalt prisms (the Lachea island and Faraglioni of Aci Trezza), the breccias volcanic vitreous (ialoclastiti) and pillow lavas of the cliff of Aci Castello, but also it basalts outcropping in the river terrace of the Simeto, expanded in southwestern and southeastern slopes from Adrano and Paterno to the Ionian coast.Culture and history image

Unfortunately there are no hotels at this location at the moment.

Unfortunately there are no self-catering offers at this location at the moment.

Mount Etna and Alcantara - full day summer tour

Mount Etna and Alcantara - full day summer tour

Etna volcano
Mount Etna and Alcantara – full day summer tour   Discover Etna and its history, Alcantara Can More info
Skiing on Etna - Etna Snow Tour

Skiing on Etna - Etna Snow Tour

Etna volcano
Skiing on Etna – Etna Snow Tour  Enjoy an excursion on the snowy highest active volcano of Eur More info
Snow on Etna: full day winter tour

Snow on Etna: full day winter tour

Etna volcano
Snow on Etna: full day excursion  Full day excursion on Mount Etna in winter to discover the snow on More info
Sunset on Etna - half day on the volcano

Sunset on Etna - half day on the volcano

Etna volcano
Sunset on Etna – half day tour Discover the volcano during sunset and enjoy a traditional Sici More info
The summit of the volcano: Etna Top Tour

The summit of the volcano: Etna Top Tour

Etna volcano
Etna Top Excursion – explore the summit of a volcano Go to the summit of Mount Etna, have lunc More info
Volcano Etna half day tour

Volcano Etna half day tour

Etna volcano
Volcano Etna half day tour Half day tour to discover the fascinating volcano and typical Sicilian fl More info

Unfortunately there are no cruise offers at this location at the moment.

Unfortunately there are no car rental offers at this location at the moment.