«Everything great that the nature has to offer, everything pleasant, everything terrible, can be compared with Etna, but you cannot compare anything with Mount Etna »
(Dominique Vivand Denon, “Voyage en Sicilie”, 1788)
Etna volcano is the highest volcano in Europe and one of the most active volcanoes in the world. Its eruptions occur both in the summit, where currently there are four craters, by both sides, up to heights of a few hundred meters above the sea level.
U ‘Mongibeddu is located on the east coast of Sicily, within the territory of the province of Catania and is crossed by the 15th meridian east, from which it takes its name.
Jewel of Sicily, is easily accessible from different sides. He who comes to Taormina can not drop out a stage to know the history of this entity alive and spend the day walking through lava flows and craters through the different excursions to Mount Etna.
Above 1000 m, in winter, there is snow often lasts almost until summer. This is easily reached from south and north sides. Consequently Etna were also two ski resorts whose particularity is to be able to ski on the snow could observe the sea. Join the Etna Snow Tour! With this tour you can ski on Mount Etna seeing the Sicily sea and discover the geological history of this beatiful Volcano!
Until recently, the Etna volcano was considered a predominantly effusive, that is mainly characterized by the emission of lava flows. They can cause damage to property but do not represent a direct threat to the lives of 900,000 people living in areas potentially at risk. However, recent studies have revealed that this volcano is capable of giving rise also to a highly explosive activities, such as Plinian eruption of 122 BC. More recently it has been observed, especially from the late 70s, a sharp increase of eruptive episodes explosives especially the summit craters. This has proved so considerable during the eruptions summit of 1995-2001, with about 150 episodes of lava fountains (also known as paroxysms), most of which has generated high columns of gas and ash.
The eruptions of the side in 2001 and 2002 to 2003 show that even this type of eruption can generate significant amounts of pyroclastic material (ash, lapilli, bombs and blocks). Unlike paroxysms summit, which usually have maturities of up to a few hours, the impact of pyroclastic material during eruptions side can go on for several weeks / months and cause problems and inconvenience in populated areas, as well as representing a serious threat to traffic both land and air.
The most recent phase of eruptive activity of Etna began in January 2011, with the first in a series of episodes of lava fountains (paroxysms); April 24, 2012 took place the 25th episode of this series. All occurred from a new crater, located on the eastern flank of the cone of the Southeast Crater. Initially this was a crater depression sinking (pit crater), that for the heavy fallout of pyroclastic material has quickly turned into a new high cone more than 200 meters.
|Area (km2)||1570 km²|