Agrigento and the Valley of the Temples
Agrigento and the Valley of the Temples
Agrigento and the valley of the temples are far from Taormina around 250 km. It is possible to reach Agrigento and the Valley of the temples from Taormina thanks to this tour.
Agrigento was founded around 582-580 BC and is attributed to Greek colonists from Gela, who named it Akragas.
THe city it is famous also as ”City of the temples’‘ bacause there are many themples, all in Doric style, located in the ”Valley of the Temples”. The area was included in the UNESCO Heritage Site list in 1997.
For those who want to visit the city of Agrigento the historical center of the city is full of artistic testimonies, between religious architecture, churches, abbeys, monasteries. The most important: Abbey ”Santo spirito”, the Cathedral, and the church St. Maria of greeks.
Agrigento gave natives to Luigi Pirandello, drammaturge, poet and italian writer.
To live the life of Pirandello you can visit the native house, the Pirandello theater and library dedicated to him.
The great fame of Agrigento is the proximity to the temples Vallery, Nonostante i numerosi siti visitabili ad Agrigento, la gran fama della città è data dalla vicinanza alla Valle dei templi, testimony of Magna Greece in Sicily. The archaeological park and landscape of the Valley of the Temples is the largest archaeological site in the world with 1,300 hectares
The valley of the temples is characterize from the remainders of 10 doric temples, shrines, a variety of necropolis (Montelusa; Mosè; Pezzino; necropoli romana e tomba di Terone; paleocristiana; Acrosoli); hydraulic projects (The garden of Kolymbetra and Ipogei); fortifications; a part of one greek district; two important place as ”Agora”; a Olympeion and a Bouleuteion (boardroom) of roman epoque made on greek plan.
The most important temple is the Temple of Concordia. the Temple of Concordia is ranked amongst the most notable edifices of the Greek civilization existing today. Notably the UNESCO symbol alludes to this temple 6 column facade. It has a peristatis of 6 x 13 columns built over a basement of 39.44 x 16.91 m; each Doric column has twenty grooves and a slight entasis, and is surmounted by an architrave with triglyphsand metopes; also perfectly preserved are the tympani.
The temple’s transformation into a Christian church involved the removal of the ancient ornamentation, the demolition of the back wall of the naos, the closure of the space between the columns, and the creation of twelve curved openings in the walls of the naos in order to create the canonical three naves – the two lateral naves from the peristasis and the central nave from the naos. The classical altar was destroyed at that time and sacristies arranged in the corners, the whole building almost completely taking on the form of a basilica. Digging occurred inside and outside the church in relation to a High Medieval sepulchre, placed in close contact with the basilica in accordance with custom.
This temple, constructed like the nearby Temple of Juno on a solid base designed to overcome the unevenness of the rocky terrain, is considered one of the most notable examples of Ancient Greek architecture on account of its state of preservation.
For those who want to visit one of the most beautiful beach of Sicily a few kilometers from Agrigento and the Valley of The temples there is the beach of Turkish steps.
The Scala dei Turchi (Italian: “Stair of the Turks”) is a rocky cliff on the coast of Realmonte, near Porto Empedocle, southern Sicily, Italy. The Scala is formed by marl, a sedimentary rock with a characteristic white color. It lies between two sandy beaches, and is accessed through a limestone rock formation in the shape of a staircase, hence the name. The latter part of the name derives from the frequent raids carried on by Moors. In August 2007, the municipality of Realmonte applied for the inclusion of the Scala dei Turchi (together with the nearby Roman Villa Aurea) in the UNESCO Heritage List.